International Conference on Architectural Research
”Ion Mincu” University of Architecture and Urbanism
The identity of multicellular dwelling system. The living cell – a case study in architectural scale.
Section: Rethinking architecture by redefinition – Communicating architecture
Topic: Identity of structures and forms
author: Alexandru Crisan
”Second Wave thinkers conceived of the human species as the culmination of a long evolutionary process; Third Wave thinkers must now face the fact that we are about to become the designers of evolution.” (Alvin Toffler, The Third Wave, New York, 1981)
Despite the evolution of technology of the last decades, the human society embraces similar modalities of organization in collective dwellings. This paper draws a comparative analysis between different systems of organization in contemporary period on the one hand and the similarities in organization methods in ancient times, on the other. The rediscovery of the time-tested functional principles and the adaptability to multi-cellular dwelling structures in present times can be a useful example for evolutionary comparative analysis. By comparing different types of living units in different periods of time we can express our position regarding the evolution of the society. Consequently, the paper analyzes reference examples such as Derinkuyu (living underground caves) and Mvrdv in contemporary times, linking them to similar architectural constructions. The multi-cells programs are tackled in a formal analysis, with additional graphical representations of the organizations, the technological particularities and the human vs. overall scale topics. The cultural heritage follows the types of organization and the reactions on the fundamental levels of human nature. Therefore, the program that reaches its “end” today is adapted to new forms of interpretation regarding the act of living tomorrow.